What is Ostomy
An ostomy is a surgical process designed for people who help in the excretion of stool from the body. Alternatively, this can be done when a serious condition affects the lower intestines, making it impossible to empty.
The digestive system starts from the mouth to the esophagus, then into the stomach, into the small intestine, the large intestine is commonly known as the colon, up to the anus, and ends in the anus. Food chewed in the mouth is swallowed by the esophagus, mixed with digestive juices in the stomach, absorbed in the small intestine, absorbed and stored in the colon as a stool and ejected through the rectum.
It is always important that keep your teeth healthy to prevent bad oral hygiene can lead to serious health issues.
There are medical conditions in which the ostomy is the fundamental element of treatment and recovery. They consist of intestinal obstruction, anal cancer, colon cancer Crohn’s disease, diverticular complications and congenital malformations. In each case, the ostomy is the most effective and the most reliable treatment method. In some instances, the ostomy is not permanent and will be later withdrawn.
The different ostomy types
There are many types of stomas. Three of the most common are colostomy and ileostomy. A colostomy means the hole is made of the colon. If the hole is made on the left intestine, only the surgical pad is needed to cover the opening. If it is on the right colon, the type of device or bag is used.
Ileostomy indicates that the ileum, which is the end part of the small intestine, is transmitted through the abdominal surface. When the waste material goes into the ileum, it is in a liquid form, so the device is necessary to catch it. There is a way for an ileostomy which is known as the continental ileostomy or Koch’s purse, which does not need a device.
In the case of a colostomy, a small, odorless bag is attached to the right side of the colon and the ileostomy to the body. It should be undetectable by clothes.
Urostomy: the bladder is completely omitted; instead, the urine empties from the opening. When the bladder is infected or ill and does not work correctly, it needs a urostomy.