Surgeons are in charge of treating injuries, diseases, and other deformities by operating. With the help of doctors and nurses and complete medical instruments, surgeons try to correct physical abnormality, repairs bone and tissues caused by injuries, and carry out preventive or specific surgeries on their patients. A colon and rectal surgeon focuses on the condition of the large and small intestines and anorectal areas. Before performing any operation, they will first examine and screen the physical condition of the patient. Visit the site of this clinic in Palm Beach for more detailed information.
Colorectal surgeons also known as proctologists are trained extensively to perform general colon and rectal surgery. They notably focus on performing surgeries to treat problems on the colon, rectum, and anus. Some of these are hemorrhoids, anal cancer, rectal cancer, colon cancer, anal itching, rectal prolapse, and more. A gastroenterology physician referral is necessary before a colorectal surgeon can perform an operation on a patient. Unlike other doctors, colorectal surgeons specifically specialize in anything that has to do with the colon and rectal parts of the body. They practice basing on medical facts and incorporating procedures that they think would treat the patient’s condition effectively.
Colon And Rectal Surgery
A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating anorectal and colorectal conditions is called a colorectal surgeon. With the right training and experiences, colorectal surgeons can treat patients through surgery.
Colon and rectal surgery requires spending a few days in the hospital and could take 3 to 6 weeks to recover after hospital release.
Types of Colon And Rectal Surgery
- Colectomy. This is a colon resection procedure that removes a huge part of the large intestine. It is divided into three methods. Segmental colectomies, polypectomy, and total polypectomy.
- Hemorrhoidectomy. Not all hemorrhoids would require colon and rectal surgery. The colorectal surgeon will first determine the severity of the illness. During the surgery, the doctor will put you under anesthesia and start making incisions around the anus to remove the hemorrhoids.
- J-Pouch procedure. In this method, the colorectal surgeon will create a pouch coming from the small intestine and attach it to the anus. This surgery helps in restoring control over bowel functions.
- Colostomy. This is an operation where the colorectal surgeon creates a hole in the abdominal wall and places one colon end through the opening. Colostomy can be either permanent or temporary.
- Endoscopic surgery. The surgeon will use a scope to execute this operation to see inside the colon and perform surgery while avoiding to make major incisions. This surgery is less painful and allows speedy recovery.
- Internal sphincterotomy. This treatment is often recommended for patients with anal fissures. The main focus of this surgery is to cut the internal sphincter to temporarily relax the sphincter and help it heal faster.
- Inflammatory bowel disease surgery. This disease causes inflammation and intense pain in the intestine. Colorectal surgeons perform this operation to remove the colon to treat certain inflammatory bowel diseases.
- Rectopexy. This type of rectal surgery involves cases of rectal prolapse. The surgeon will reposition the internal structures and assure that they stay in place. Rectopexy can be identified in 5 procedures.
- Small bowel resection: this procedure includes removing a part of the small intestine and sewing back the undamaged parts back together.
- Laparoscopic colon resection: during this resection, the surgeon will remove cancerous tissues and lumpy nodes.
- Abdominoperineal resection: often performed to treat anal and rectal cancer.
- Low anterior resection: surgeons perform this operation to remove a part of the rectum dissecting deep into the pelvis.
- Local resection of the rectum: early stages of cancer can be treated with this procedure.