How To Prevent Colon Polyps

The colon is an essential part of the human digestive tract. It reabsorbs water and excretes fecal matter from the body. A colon polyp is an extra tissue that develops on the inner walls of the colon. Colon polyps can be benign or malignant. They can be diagnosed through various tests including; digital rectal exam, barium enema, colonoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy.

Risk factors of colon polyps are:

  • High intake of fatty foods
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Drinking alcohol heavily
  • Being overweight
  • Hereditary factors
  • Physical inactivity

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms that portray polyps include:

√Presence of blood in the stool.


√Rectal bleeding.

√Diarrhea which lasts longer than a week.

√Abdominal discomfort.

√Unexplained weight loss.

Most of the colon polyps can be removed during colonoscopy. Large polyps are removed through surgery.

How to prevent colon polyps

How To Prevent Colon PolypsThe following tips reduce the risk of getting colon polyps.

1.Getting screened

It’s the most effective method of keeping your health in check. Screening can help detect early formation of polyps thus allowing for early treatment. The screening options include flexible sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood test, and colonoscopy.

  1. Maintaining healthy weight

It’s proved that obesity increases the risk of getting colon polyps. Therefore, getting rid of excess weight reduces the risk by a great measure.

  1. Avoid smoking

Smoking has detrimental effects on one’s health. Besides causing heart diseases and other cancers, smoking can lead to the development of polyps. This can be reduced by quitting smoking.

  1. Being physically active

It’s important for people to involve themselves in physical activities in order to keep their bodies fit thus reducing the risk of getting polyps.

  1. Drinking alcohol moderately

Excessive intake of alcohol is a common risk factor of polyps. It’s highly recommended to drink low volumes of alcohol or stop drinking if possible.

  1. Diet

Dietary tips that reduce chances of polyp’s development are;

  • Limiting the intake of red meat
  • Enough intakes of calcium and vitamin D
  • Daily intake of multivitamin with foliate


Polyps are one of the major problems that affect the colon. Unchecked polyps can be cancerous. However, polyps can be prevented through regular screening, moderate smoking, engaging in physical activities and avoiding smoking.


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